Maharaja Bhupinder Singh (12 October 1891 – 23 March 1938). He is perhaps best known for his extravagance, and for being a cricketer. His cricket team " Patiala XI " was one of the best cricket teams of India. Two of his sons, Maharajadhiraj Yadavindra Singh and Raja Bhalindra Singh, both played first-class cricket. Yuvraj played in one Test for India, in 1934.
Maharaja of Patiala was also known as the owner of the highest cricket ground in Chail and the first Indian to own a car and an aircraft (from U.K.).Most of the buildings of Chail Military School were donated by Maharaja of Patiala to Govt. of India
1935 when the maharaja visited Germany, he sought time to see Adolf Hitler who reluctantly gave him 15 minutes but when both sat to talk the meeting went on for a day. He then asked the maharaja to come again the next day when he gifted him a magnificent Maybach.
Maharaja of Patiala was also considered as leader of the sikhs and masses of Punjab pre independence.
He was the proud owner of the world famous necklace "The Patiala Necklace" manufactured by the famous brand Cartier SA. His wife Maharani Bakhtawar Kaur presented Queen Mary a magnificent tiara called Delhi Durbar Tiara in the Delhi Durbar of 1911 to mark the first visit to India by any Queen Empress.
Yuvraj Yadavindra Singh became the Maharaja on 23 March 1938. He was to be the first Maharaja , agreeing to the incorporation of Patiala into the newly independent India on 5 May 1948, becoming Rajpramukh of the new Indian state of Patiala and East Punjab States Union.
The present Maharaja is His Highness Capt. Amarinder Singh. Heir to the throne is Yuvraj Raninder Singh.