At 4:30 p.m. on April 13, 1919, Brigadier General Reginald Dyer opened fire on an unarmed
gathering in Jallianwala Bagh. 1,650 rounds were fired into the complex, with the narrow
only exit blocked by the troops. Close to 2000 people died either directly hit by bullets
or by jumping into the well to escape from the bullets. Most of those that died were not
freedom fighters but rather villagers that had arrived in Amritsar for the Indian festival
Baisakhi and had gathered in the park.
India was at a crossroads. World War 1 had ended and the spirit of freedom was abundant.
Riots were increasing across the country. On April 10, two Punjab Congress leaders, Dr.
** Kitchlew and Dr. Satyapal, were deported to the Kangra Valley. The day before
Gandhiji had been arrested. On the Morning on April 13th, Brigadier General Dyer's troops
marched through the city and declared that no congregation can happen in Amritsar. In the
evening, over 20000 Indians gathered in Jallianwala Bagh, some to visit the park and others
to listen to a set of speeches condemning the Rowlatt Act. When the troops arrived they
gave way no warning, they made no attempt to quietly disperse the crowd. They blindly shot.
Dyer, who had his orders from General Dwyer, did not regret his act and was soon relieved
from his duty after an investigative commission found the shooting to be unjust. However
Colonial India forgave him and he retired in comfort. General Dwyer however, was hunted
down by Udham Singh in England and shot. Though very late, he paid the just price for
the massacre at Jallianwala Bagh. To millions of Indians, this place will always be a
blood stain on India's struggle for freedom.
Jallianwala Bagh Memorial
Blocked by the British
The narrow exit
The Indian Oil flame - in remembrance fo the lives lost
Surrounded by walls
The Well - that hundreds jumped into
You only think of the best comeback when you leave.