1:36 am - Wednesday July 23, 2014

Golden Temple – Amritsar

Golden Temple AmritsarSri Harmandir Sahib, also known as Sri Darbar Sahib or Golden Temple, is named after Hari (God) the temple of God.

The Harmandir Sahib is considered the holiest shrine by Sikhs. The 11th and eternal Guru Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji is present inside it.

The Sri Guru Granth Sahib is the holiest literature in the Sikh religion, the tenth Guru of Sikhs, Sri Guru Gobind Singh on 7 October 1708 made Shri Guru Granth Sahib Ji the eternal Sikh Guru and the leader of Sikhism. Anywhere in the world where the Guru Granth Sahib is present is equally holy and precious to Sikhs.

Golden Temple - Amritsar

Amritsar is located in the Majha region of the Punjab. Majha is also known as the Bari Doab, since it is the Doab (two rivers) or the (fluvial) tract of land which lies between two of the five great rivers of the province, the Ravi and the Beas. As such, Majha lies in the heart of the ancient Punjab region, comprising Gurdaspur, Batala and Tarn Taran Sahib as well as Amritsar. Amritsar is also known as “Sifti Da Ghar” or Adorable Abode.

Golden Temple - Amritsar

Guru Arjan Sahib, the Fifth Nanak, conceived the idea of creating a central place of worship for the Sikhs and he himself designed the architecture of Sri Harmandir Sahib. Earlier the planning to excavate the holy tank (Amritsar or Amrit Sarovar ) was chalked out by Guru Amardas Sahib, the Third Nanak, but it was executed by Guru Ramdas Sahib under the supervision of Baba Budha ji.

Golden Temple - Amritsar

Golden Temple - Amritsar

Originally built during AD 1574, the site of the temple was surrounded by a small lake in a thin forest. The third of the six grand Mughals, emperor Akbar, who visited the third Sikh Guru, Guru Amar Das, at the neighbouring town of Goindval was so impressed by the way of life in the town that he gave a jagir (the land and the revenues of several villages in the vicinity) to the Guru’s daughter Bhani as a gift on her marriage to Bhai Jetha, who later became the fourth Sikh Guru, Guru Ram Das. Guru Ram Das enlarged the lake and built a small township around it. The town was named after Guru Ram Das as “Guru Ka Chak”, “Chak Ram Das” or “Ram Das Pura”.

Golden Temple - Amritsar

During the leadership of the fifth Guru, Guru Arjan Dev Ji (1581–1606), the full-fledged Temple was built. In December 1588 the great Muslim Sufi saint of Lahore, Hazrat Mian Mir, a close friend of Guru Arjan Dev Ji, was asked to lay the corner stone (December 1588).[1][6] The story has been told that a mason then straightened the stone, to which Guru Arjan said, as you have just undone the work of such a holy man, who knows what disaster might come to the Harmandir Sahib.

Golden Temple - Amritsar

This story has been used to offer a reason why the temple has been attacked so many times by the Afghans and Mughals and even Inspected by force by Indian Army in 1984, during Operation Bluestar, which laid the foundation stone of Khalistan, the proposed rebellious Sikh Homeland. The temple was completed in 1604. Guru Arjan Dev Ji, installed the Adi Granth in it and appointed Baba Buddha Ji as the first Granthi (Reader) of the temple on August 1604.

Golden Temple - Amritsar

Unlike erecting the structure on the higher level (a tradition in many religions Temple architecture), Guru Arjan Sahib got it built on the lower level and unlike other Temples having only one gate for the entrance and exit, Guru Sahib got it open from four sides. Thus he created a symbol of new faith, Sikhism. Guru Sahib made it accessible to every person without any distinction of Caste, creed, sex and religion.

Golden Temple - Amritsar

The building work completed in August/September,1604. Guru Arjan Sahib installed newly created Guru Granth Sahib, in Sri Harmandir Sahib and appointed Baba Budha ji as its first Granthi.

Golden Temple - Amritsar

Sri Harmandir Sahib, is built on a 67ft. square platform in the centre of the Sarovar (tank). The temple itself is 40.5ft. square. It has a door each on the East, West, North and South. The Darshani Deori (an arch) stands at the shore end of the causeway. The door frame of the arch is about 10ft in height and 8ft 6inches in breath. The door panes are decorated with artistic style. It opens on to the causeway or bridge that leads to the main building of Sri Harmandir Sahib. It is 202 feet in length and 21 feet in width.

Golden Temple - Amritsar

The bridge is connected with the 13 feet wide ‘Pardakshna’ (circumambulatory path). It runs round the main shrine and it leads to the ‘Har ki Paure’ (steps of God). On the first floor of ‘Har ki Paure’, there is continuous reading of Shri Guru Granth Sahib.

Golden Temple - Amritsar (1278)

Filed in: Punjabi Articles, Punjabi Culture

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14 Responses to “Golden Temple – Amritsar”

  1. April 17, 2012 at 11:52 am #

    what a colebration dear..just shining as star

  2. baldeep kaur
    May 1, 2011 at 3:09 pm #

    sssa ji…. thanku so much for showing such a nice picz of my waheguru……i feel realy good to see them so close . mein mazboor ho geyi compliment deen leyi….thanku god bless u

  3. sukh
    January 13, 2011 at 4:22 am #

    hayee rabba, missing uuuuu

  4. ashish kumar pandey
    October 6, 2010 at 5:32 am #

    this article is truly lovely

  5. June 16, 2010 at 2:30 pm #

    Bahoot Shona Article paji Dona Sandhu’s nu Mubarak
    Navtej ji Ik topic Chamtkar wala miss hai

  6. sukhjeet brar
    June 5, 2010 at 4:07 pm #

    shri harimandir sahib de itihaas te jhaat paunda ik bauht wadhiya lekh !!
    ekta de parteek darbar sahib te waqt-waqt sir aneka jhakharh jhulle,
    par ajj vi jhande ohve hi jhull rahe ne,aur jhulde rehnge..

  7. jasjit
    June 4, 2010 at 11:16 am #

    Harminder de darshan karke sachmuch hi sarre dukh mit jande ne. thanx bobby veer for making this article

  8. dolly sandhu
    June 3, 2010 at 6:24 am #

    bahut he khoobsoorat article, ehnia sohnia tasveera, no other place can match the serenity of Darbar Sahib

  9. Amrit
    June 3, 2010 at 5:12 am #

    nice photography I must say,, no words for the place., jannat on earth

  10. Navtej Sandhu
    May 29, 2010 at 5:47 pm #

    Bobby bhaji, eh TUHADI mehnat hai, i have NO PROB at all ke kis de name under publish hoye :) !!

  11. Rubinder Kahlon
    May 29, 2010 at 5:25 pm #

    Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa
    Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh

    Sachkhand Shri Harimandir Sahib Ji
    “Ditthe Sabeh Thaav Nahi Tudh Jehea”

    bahut vadia article navtej bhaji bahut vadia veer rabb tohanu hamesha chardian kalaan vich rakhe

  12. May 29, 2010 at 5:09 am #

    Really bai g,,,,,,,,,,bada dil nu sukoon milda hain jadi main ‘Shri Harminder Sahib’ jaanda haa…:)……

  13. Navtej Sandhu
    May 29, 2010 at 1:28 am #

    Feeling very peace !! ONLY sacred place in the WROLD jithey mathha tekan layi pehle neevan ho ke jana painda hai i.e. means ground level ton stairs utar ke thhale nu jana painda hai.

    • May 29, 2010 at 5:00 am #

      Sorry bai the article was published under my name by mistake. Corrected it just now.

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